The Church has used three sets of mysteries for many centuries. In 2002 Pope John Paul II proposed a fourth set of mysteries—the Mysteries of Light, or Luminous Mysteries. According to his suggestion, the four sets of mysteries might be prayed on the following days: the Joyful Mysteries on Monday and Saturday, the Sorrowful Mysteries on Tuesday and Friday, the Glorious Mysteries on Wednesday and Sunday, and the Luminous Mysteries on Thursday.
The Joyful Mysteries
- The Annunciation
Mary learns that she has been chosen to be the mother of Jesus.
- The Visitation
Mary visits Elizabeth, who tells her that she will always be remembered.
- The Nativity
Jesus is born in a stable in Bethlehem.
- The Presentation
Mary and Joseph take the infant Jesus to the Temple to present him to God.
- The Finding of Jesus in the Temple
Jesus is found in the Temple discussing his faith with the teachers.
The Mysteries of Light
- The Baptism of Jesus in the River Jordan
God proclaims that Jesus is his beloved Son.
- The Wedding Feast at Cana
At Mary’s request, Jesus performs his first miracle.
- The Proclamation of the Kingdom of God
Jesus calls all to conversion and service to the Kingdom.
- The Transfiguration of Jesus
Jesus is revealed in glory to Peter, James, and John.
- The Institution of the Eucharist
Jesus offers his Body and Blood at the Last Supper.
The Sorrowful Mysteries
- The Agony in the Garden
Jesus prays in the Garden of Gethsemane on the night before he dies.
- The Scourging at the Pillar
Jesus is lashed with whips.
- The Crowning With Thorns
Jesus is mocked and crowned with thorns.
- The Carrying of the Cross
Jesus carries the cross that will be used to crucify him.
- The Crucifixion
Jesus is nailed to the cross and dies.
The Glorious Mysteries
- The Resurrection
God the Father raises Jesus from the dead.
- The Ascension
Jesus returns to his Father in heaven.
- The Coming of the Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit comes to bring new life to the disciples.
- The Assumption of Mary
At the end of her life on earth, Mary is taken body and soul into heaven.
- The Coronation of Mary
Mary is crowned as Queen of Heaven and Earth.